ink on paper, 25.5 x 19.5, 1981

Created while I was living in the the province of Barcelona, Spain, in the midst of Catalonian culture (in resurgence after the death of Franco and the return of democracy to Spain), Manifestation is a multi-lingual play on words: rat, a rodent (English); art, a fishing net (Catalan); star, a geometric figure (English); and traç, a trace, track, or line in a drawing (Catalan). The tiling patterns I use are of course highly symmetrical (that is, they are produced by operations that transform shapes through rotation and refelction, and organized by other symmetry operations). In Manifestation I applied symmetry operations to the sounds of words/positions of letters, and then tried to suggest visual symmetries in the objects corresponding to the four words so produced.